Religion in Ancient Egypt: The Gods and Goddesses

(For the rest of this week we will be doing posts about the Ancient Egyptian Pantheon. If there is a particular pantheon you would like to read more about please leave the name of it in the comment section below. We will do our best to bring you more information about the gods and goddesses in the pantheons you are interested in.)

There were an incredible number of Gods and Goddesses in Ancient Egypt, one for almost every situation and place. Many of the Gods began as local deities and were later organised and merged with others to form either a Triad or an Ennead (nine). There were several large schools of theological thought in Egypt, and each proclaimed its superiority over the others. A ruling dynasty would often promote their chief local god to the chief national god. For example, Amun (associated with Thebes) did not become a major deity until the shift of power to Thebes in the Middle Kingdom.

Many of Ancient Egypt’s Gods and Goddesses share characteristics and epithets at different times in history. For example, Sekhmet (the lion Goddess of Memphis), MutTefnut and Hathor are all given the title “the Eye of Ra” and given the task of protecting the sun god. There is often confusion about the different gods known as Horus. For example, Horus the elder was often thought to be the consort of Hathor, while Horus the younger was the son of Isis and Osiris. This is unsurprising given that the Egyptian civilisation survived for over three thousand years, and the religious system was constantly evolving.

To read the rest of this overview about the ancient Egyptian pantheon please click on this link: Ancient Egyptian Pantheon

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Scottish Witchcraft

These pages are based on a book “Scottish Witchcraft, The History & Magick of the Picts” by Raymond Buckland. Many things were reworded and omitted because of space on the web site. My personal comments are usually in brackets.The Highlands of what is now Scotland were earlier inhabited by people known as the Picts, or Pechts. In fact, this area was then known as “Pictland” and did not become “Scotland” until as late as the eleventh century. A second century Roman geographer, Ptolemy, drew the earliest map of the region. On it he showed four tribes: the Venicones, Tazali, Vacomagi and Caledoni. By the third century these four had become two tribes, the Caledoni and the Maeatae, and by the end of the third century merged as one nation, the Picts.These people have long been a mystery, partly because they spoke a language that is now lost. When the Scots became a dominant force in the welding together of medieval Scotland, it was not in their interests to keep alive any Pictish traditions.

The Scots, incidentally, were immigrants from Ireland who, having come first as raiders, by the fifth century had settled in the under-populated areas of the west. By the seventh century they were virtually masters of the lowlands.

The right of succession to the throne was matrilinear-in other words, reckoned through the mother. This practice was in existence for well over three hundred years, that we know of, and probably much longer.

Most of what was learned about the Picts was through their art. They used powerful animal symbols and geometric forms. Jewelry, metalwork, stone carvings: all show the same highly skilled craftsmanship.
To read the rest of this article please click on this link: Scottish Witchcraft

 

History of the Ogham Language

HISTORY OF THE OGHAM LANGUAGE
ogham alphabetogham stoneThe ancient Ogham script (pronounced ‘oh-am’) is most often found on Ogham stones that date back to the third century. Most examples of the writing is found on Ogham stones of which there are over 350 found mostly in southern Ireland as well as in Scotland, the Isle of Man, Cornwall and Wales.

The transition to the use of the Roman alphabet took place about the sixth century. Most examples of Ogham writing confer the name of person that they represent, thus the stones are often memorial symbols.

To read the rest of this article please click on the following link: History Ogham Langage

Smokeless Way to Smudging with White Sage and Sweet Grass

I know there are people for one reason or another that can not burn the White Sage and Sweetgrass to cleanse their self or home because of the smoke. So I tried this alternate way yesterday and got the same results as burning them. White Sage takes away the negative energy in your home and Sweet Grass brings in the positive energy.

Crush the White Sage into a powder and tear the Sweetgrass into very tiny pieces and combine them in a bowl or on a plate used only for this purpose. Than walk each room in your home counter-clockwise starting at the door people use the most to enter and exit your home. As you are walking ask the Mother Goddess and the Father God or whatever deity you have as your patrons to take away all negativity, anger, resentment, etc from your home and replace it with love, positive energy, and harmony while you asking for this energy exchange sprinkle the White Sage and Sweet Grass mixture on the floor in the center of the room in the shape of a pentagram and put some in each corner of the room. The pentagram does not have to be perfect or even completely solid. Leave the pentagram in place until you feel it is time to sweep it up, do not vacuum it up.  Leave the mixture you put in the corner of each room there this helps to keep your home environment a more positive space. Take the mixture you have swept up and dump it in your yard to be reclaimed by Mother Earth.

You can use these links to Magical Necessities to buy lose White Sage, not the bundles and a rope of Sweet Grass

White Sage 1 oz. White Sage

Sweetgrass Braid24 Inch Sweetgrass

Now for using White Sage to cleanse yourself Magical Necessities carries a soap made with White Sage. Use it when taking a shower again asking for all negativity to be removed from you and for positive, loving energy to replace it. All your negativity will just disappear down the drain. This soap can also be used before you do a ritual to cleanse yourself for it.

Here is the link from Magical Necessities to order the soap

White Sage Soap

 

Ogham – Old Irish

The Ogham script recorded the earliest Old Irish texts dating between the 3rd and the 6th century CE. Ogham inscriptions are found exclusively in Ireland, Scotland, and Wales. Mostly they are genealogical inscriptions in the form of “X son of Y” on corners of large stone slabs. After the 6th century CE, Old Irish was written with the Roman alphabet, and Ogham disappeared from general but the knowledge must have been preserved in some form because our knowledge of Ogham comes from the chapter Auraicept na n-Éces in the 15th-century work The Book of Ballymote (Leabhar Bhaile an Mhóta), which also contains geneologies, mythologies, and histories of Ireland.

Various opinions exist on the exact origin of ogham. Some claim that it stemmed from a cryptic way of writing runes, some say that it was inspired from the Roman alphabet, and yet others hold that it was independently invented.

The Ogham letters are divided into four groups, each containing five letters. This yields a total of 20 Ogham letters.

When inscribed on stones, Ogham is written vertically from bottom to top. The following chart lists all Ogham letters in their vertical forms, along with their Old Irish names and meanings.

To read the rest of this article please click on this link: Ogham – Old Irish

A Short Introduction to Celtic/Druid Ogham or Ogma Alphabet and How to Use it For Divination

The Celtic’s used a writing system called Ogham or sometimes spelled Ogma which dates hundreds of years BCE (Before the Current Era). Most of the time the credit for the alphabets origins are given to the Druid Priests. As only they could read the meanings of the “Ogham Staves” when they were thrown. The Ogham alphabet consists of 25 different symbols which in turn are associated with specific trees or shrubs.

The alphabet can either be written vertically or horizontally but the actual marking for the symbol or letter always appears on the same side and location on the straight line that all the symbols/letter stem off of.

The Ogham Staves are used as a form of divination. You can use them the same as you would Runes or Tarot cards. To make Ogham Staves they should be craved into a piece of the tree or shrub they are associated with, all 25 pieces of wood should be the exact same length and when possible diameter.

How to use the staves is simple you hold them together in both hands, and roll them on your palms while you ask your question of them (be sure to keep your question clear and concise). When you feel it is time and with the question firmly fixed in your mind you let the staves drop from about 4 to 6 inches off the ground. Those closest to you are the future, the middle ones are for the present, and those furthest away are read for the past which led up to the present which will lead into the future.

Here is a picture of the alphabet writing, name of symbol/letter, and which tree or shrub is associated to it:

Other examples of the alphabet:

Here is are the symbols/letters on the tree or shrub they are associated with:

This is the first in a series of posts on the use and meanings of the Ogham alphabet and staves. I will also be posting an Ogham Symbol for the day starting Monday, August 13th both on here and on WOTC.

If you have questions about this topic please write to LAdy Beltane at covenlifescoven@gmail.com Please put Ogham Question in the “Subject line”

 

A-Z Dictionary of Fairies and the Wee Folk

A-Z Dictionary of Fairies and the Wee Folk

Updated on June 28, 2018
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Kitty has been independently researching and studying the fae for over 15 years. She enjoys sharing what she’s learned with her readers.

Dictionary of Fairies Pictures

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A-Z Dictionary of Fairies

This is your one-stop shop for all terms and definitions related to fairies and the world of the fay. From letters A to Z, you will find fairies’ terms and definitions right here in this article.

Alven: water fairies found in ponds in the Netherlands, though they don’t have wings. They can, however, fly by being encased in bubbles and traveling on the winds. Main home is the River Elbe, as it is sacred to them. Small fairies, extremely light and sometimes shift into otters.

Ashrays: water fairies from Scotland that are mistaken for sea ghosts; have white bodies and look like a twenty-year-old human, both male and female. Nocturnal fairies, if sunlight hits them they will melt into a rainbow-colored pond of water.

Avalon: a mythological island in the Arthurian legends. The place where excalibur was forged and given to King Arthur, and also the place where King Arthur was taken after being wounded in a battle. Morgan Le Fay and Vivianne are said to have dwelled on the isle of Avalon.

To find out about other Fea please click on this link: Fea and Wee Folk

Everyone Needs Some Me Time to Relax and Center

We all have days we wish we could just hibernate and hide from everyone. This is when you need to have a special care package ready to go to relax you physically and mentally and recenter yourself spiritually.

I have a small kit made up in advance for when I take this me time. Mine includes a long incense sticks or cones of either sandalwood or jasmine (lavender is also very good for relaxing with), my favorite Celtic music bookmarked on my computer to find it easier, a big handful of my favorite Epsom salts in a Ziploc type bag or other holder, a smudge stick, a bar of scents soap, a black taper and a white taper candle, my favorite lotion, and a robe (type depends on the temperature in my home). I also shut off my cell/mobile phone and anything else that someone could call me on like Skype.

Allow a minimum of 2 hours for yourself to get the benefits you deserve.

I do a smudging in my den and bathroom and also myself. Then get into my usually hot bath with the salts. I soak for a while until I feel my muscles completely relax m(draining cooled water and adding more hot if I feel the need to) than I use one of my scented soaps to wash with (my hair is tied up because I wash it in the sink before getting into my bath or just leave dry, no one says you have to wash your hair just because you take a bath). After getting out of the bath and drying off I rub lotion on every part of my body I can comfortably reach just to feel the wonder of what the deities choose to make us into thousands of years ago.

Then if I feel like it put on my robe and go into my den or bedroom. Depending on my mood whether I stay in the robe or lay down skyclad.

Once in my den or bedroom,  I have a small table next to the daybed in my den so the black candle is set on the southwest corner and the white in the northeast. I light the black candle first asking Hades and Persephone to take away all the negative energy, anger, resentment, envy, etc I may still be harboring inside myself.  Next, I  light the white candle asking Ra and Mother Earth to fill me with love, positive energy and to be grounded. I then light the incense I choose while enjoying the scent of the incense and listening to the music  I do a relaxation technique (which I will describe below) and then I let my mind to float free not focusing on any one thought especially if it is a negative one. I usually wind up falling asleep and many times have had messages and/or vision brought to me by my ancestors, guides, some deities. These dreams I write down what I can remember of them when I awaken. The dreaming does not happen every time.

The two most important things to take away from this experience is one does not feel guilty for taking the time to pamper and nurture yourself because we all need to. The other thing is to take a is relaxed, centered mind, body, and spirit from reconnecting them all.

RELATION TECHNIQUE: Starting with your toes and working up the body tighten each muscle as you take as deep a breath as you can then allow the muscle to completely relax as you slowly exhale all the air you took in. This should take you at least 15 to 20 minutes to get all your muscles relaxed and your mind to slow down.

A great place you can get your incense, soap, candles and smudge sticks is Magickal Necessities. Below are the links for the items available:

Incense Cones

Soaps

Smudge Sticks

Chime (smaller) Candles

One Simple Protection for Your Home and Property

This is to be done after you have blessed your home so you know all negative energy and/or beings are out of it.

The easiest way to make sure your home is protected from anything negative or evil is to put a mixture of salt, bay leaves or basil, and garlic in the four cardinal points (North, East, South, and West) of your home. If you want to use a compass to make sure you have the exact location of the direction that’s fine but as long as you know it is the basic area of the direction that is fine too. Personally, I used a compass the first time and then put a little dot with a Sharpie on the baseboard just above the floor so I do not need the compass again until the dots wear away.

Than using regular table salt walk clockwise around your home starting with the door that people use to enter or exit the house more often. Call upon Hekate to keep the people in the home safe from all harm and to walk with you as you sprinkle a thin layer in a circle completely surrounding your home overlap the place you start at to make sure the circle is complete. Make sure you put a little extra salt by every entrance into your home including window sills. Is there is any type of fence or other obstruction be sure to overlap the salt when moving around it so there is no break in the warding.

Last come to protecting the land that surrounds your home to do this I again use table salt and walk clockwise around the edge of my property line asking Hekate to keep your family safe when they are in the yard for whatever reason. Make sure the salt overlaps where you began at. I usually start in the Northeast corner of our yard. If you have a fence in the way of walking from front to back – sprinkle the salt on top of the fence than walk around to your backyard and start by sprinkling a little more salt on top of the fence so there is no break in the ward, do this everytime you need to stop and start the outside lines.

Remember when you are done with the protection wards to thank Hekate for her help.

New Moon Creation Page

The New Moon is a powerful time when the Guardian energies of the Sun and Moon come together to support new beginnings. It’s the perfect time to write down intentions that match the true desires of your heart.

Write them in the way that feels best for you.

I like to phrase each intention in terms of bringing my creations to life with Love.

To read the rest of this information and be able to download your page please click on this link: New Moon Creation Page