Friday the 13th History

Long considered a harbinger of bad luck, Friday the 13th has inspired a late 19th-century secret society, an early 20th-century novel, a horror film franchise and not one but two unwieldy terms—paraskavedekatriaphobia and friggatriskaidekaphobia—that describe fear of this supposedly unlucky day.

The Fear of 13

Just like walking under a ladder, crossing paths with a black cat or breaking a mirror, many people hold fast to the belief that Friday the 13th brings bad luck. Though it’s uncertain exactly when this particular tradition began, negative superstitions have swirled around the number 13 for centuries.

While Western cultures have historically associated the number 12 with completeness (there are 12 days of Christmas, 12 months and zodiac signs, 12 labors of Hercules, 12 gods of Olympus and 12 tribes of Israel, just to name a few examples), its successor 13 has a long history as a sign of bad luck.

The ancient Code of Hammurabi, for example, reportedly omitted a 13th law from its list of legal rules. Though this was probably a clerical error, superstitious people sometimes point to this as proof of 13’s longstanding negative associations.

Fear of the number 13 has even earned a psychological term: triskaidekaphobia.

Why is Friday the 13th Unlucky?

According to biblical tradition, 13 guests attended the Last Supper, held on Maundy Thursday, including Jesus and his 12 apostles (one of whom, Judas, betrayed him). The next day, of course, was Good Friday, the day of Jesus’ crucifixion.

The seating arrangement at the Last Supper is believed to have given rise to a longstanding Christian superstition that having 13 guests at a table was a bad omen—specifically, that it was courting death.

Though Friday’s negative associations are weaker, some have suggested they also have roots in Christian tradition: Just as Jesus was crucified on a Friday, Friday was also said to be the day Eve gave Adam the fateful apple from the Tree of Knowledge, as well as the day Cain killed his brother, Abel.

The Thirteen Club

In the late-19th century, a New Yorker named Captain William Fowler (1827-1897) sought to remove the enduring stigma surrounding the number 13—and particularly the unwritten rule about not having 13 guests at a dinner table—by founding an exclusive society called the Thirteen Club.

The group dined regularly on the 13th day of the month in room 13 of the Knickerbocker Cottage, a popular watering hole Fowler owned from 1863 to 1883. Before sitting down for a 13-course dinner, members would pass beneath a ladder and a banner reading “Morituri te Salutamus,” Latin for “Those of us who are about to die salute you.”

Four former U.S. presidents (Chester A. ArthurGrover ClevelandBenjamin Harrison and Theodore Roosevelt) would join the Thirteen Club’s ranks at one time or another.

Friday the 13th in Pop Culture

An important milestone in the history of the Friday the 13th legend in particular (not just the number 13) occurred in 1907, with the publication of the novel Friday, the Thirteenth written by Thomas William Lawson.

The book told the story of a New York City stockbroker who plays on superstitions about the date to create chaos on Wall Street, and make a killing on the market.

The horror movie Friday the 13th, released in 1980, introduced the world to a hockey mask-wearing killer named Jason, and is perhaps the best-known example of the famous superstition in pop culture history. The movie spawned multiple sequels, as well as comic books, novellas, video games, related merchandise and countless terrifying Halloween costumes.

What bad things happened on Friday 13th?

On Friday, October 13, 1307, officers of King Philip IV of France arrested hundreds of the Knights Templar, a powerful religious and military order formed in the 12th century for the defense of the Holy Land.

Imprisoned on charges of various illegal behaviors (but really because the king wanted access to their financial resources), many Templars were later executed. Some cite the link with the Templars as the origin of the Friday the 13th superstition, but like many legends involving the Templars and their history, the truth remains murky.

In more recent times, a number of traumatic events have occurred on Friday the 13th, including the German bombing of Buckingham Palace(September 1940); the murder of Kitty Genovese in Queens, New York (March 1964); a cyclone that killed more than 300,000 people in Bangladesh (November 1970); the disappearance of a Chilean Air Force plane in the Andes (October 1972); the death of rapper Tupac Shakur (September 1996) and the crash of the Costa Concordia cruise ship off the coast of Italy, which killed 30 people (January 2012).

Sources

“The Origins of Unlucky Friday the 13th,” Live Science.
“Friday the 13th: why is it unlucky and other facts about the worst day in the calendar,” The Telegraph.
“13 Freaky Things That Happened on Friday the 13th,” Live Science.
“Here’s Why Friday the 13th is Considered Unlucky,” Time.
“Friggatriskaidekaphobes Need Not Apply,” New-York Historical Society.

There’s a Full Moon Due on Friday the 13th for Most of the U.S. The Next One Isn’t for Another 30 Years

Time Magazine September 12, 2019

BY GINA MARTINEZ

The next full moon is set to make an appearance on the most ominous date on the calendar this month.

A September full moon, also known as a “Harvest Moon,” will be visible to many Americans this Friday the 13th.

According to NASA, the moon will be full early Saturday morning, Sept. 14, at 12:33 a.m. EST, but for those who live in the Central, Mountain and Pacific time zones, the full moon will be visible shortly before midnight on Friday the 13th.

NASA says that the moon will appear full for about three days centered around this time — from Thursday night through Sunday morning.

To read the rest Friday 13, 2019

A Thought for Today

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I have a bad habit of making things I need to do into a bigger project than they need to be. When I saw this in a coloring app my first thought was they’re talking about me. But now with having fibromyalgia I had to keep everything in my life simpler or suffer the consequences for pushing myself to hard. On my 61st birthday I made a promise to myself to slow down. The hardest part is doing half my household cleaning one day relax the next and than finish it up the next day. I don’t remember when the saying “Stop and smell the roses” became popular but I totally invited until my children were grown. Then I started taking a me day to do nothing at all maybe once a month, now I have learned to take one day every week to nurture myself

I realize many of you do not yet have the luxury of taking a full or even a half day just for yourself because work, children, and other commitments and duties. But try to find 1 hour a week, even if its broken up into smaller time segments to do something you really enjoy and haven’t done for a while like fishing, soaking in a hot bath, wood working, needle crafts (knitting, crocheting, etcetera), or just sit quietly meditating or listening to songs that bring back wonderful memories, basically what I’m getting at here is do something for just you because you deserve to treat yourself to some down time in your life no matter how hecked it is.

Blessed be dear ones.

Week 23 Goddess Knowledge – High Priestess

The high priestess is the direct representative of the goddess on earth. She has direct responsibility for functions that ensure fertility and ongoing creation. Priestess often were responsible for ensuring rain, for the goddess was the giver of few and of rain. They often tended a sacred flame, the embodiment of the creative spark of life.

The High Priestess is the Great Goddess herself, a universal figure founder in such diverse guides as Isis in Egypt, Juan Yin throughout all of Asia, Athens in Greece, and Rhiannon among the Celtics. This goddess is all-knowing and all-wise; she creates life out of herself and bestows life-giving waters. At the proper time she takes life away so that the divine spark in each person may be freed to continue on its journey. The High Priestess is a reminder of the innate wisdom in each of us. She demands that we connect to the divine within and manifest it in the world.

 

 

I did not purposely pull this week’s card. It was on top after I shuffled the unposted Goddess Knowledge Cards. I personally do not look at myself as “the direct representative of the goddess on earth.”  The reason being is my dearest sister has pointed out to me something I let go to the way side which is the Goddess lives in all who ask. This goes for he God Consort also.

 

Witches of The Craft and Coven Life Now Under 1 Owner

After 18 years and being a pioneer on the world wide web with her award-winning site Witches of The Craft Lady of the Abyss is retiring.

Lady Abyss and Lady Beltane talked on the phone earlier today after hashed out the finer points of everything it was decided that Lady Beltane will be taking it over with monthly payments to Lady A so WOTC does not go to a stranger.

WOTC format will be staying basically the same but the number of posts will be going down. If you want to check what Tarot cards and Ogham are pulled for the day and some of the other things WOTC is known for just go there to find them.

Coven Life will still be having open chats, Esbat and Sabbat gatherings in the CL chatroom. The online school for witchcraft for novice through priestess/priest level studies is not going to change at all.

If you have found that either website contains information you enjoy reading and/or using please consider making a donation to help Lady Beltane cover the cost of keeping these two websites up and running smoothlas as her only income is a SSI check. In advance thank you very much for your help and being part of the WOTC/CL online family

Week 18 – Goddess Knowledge – White Shell Woman

White Shell (or White Bead) woman, also called Turquoise Woman or Alone Woman, is so said to be a younger version of Changing Woman. White is the color of dawn and of the east. Whit Shell Woman, the creator and sustained of life, created re Navajo people and sent them their home. As gift, she gave them shells, which became corn and other food baring plants; she gave them the animals; she gave them gifts of rain and beautiful flowers. With the sun, she is the mother of Killer-of-Enemies and Child-of-the-Water, the dual protectors of the people from their enemies.

A Navajo chat says “All things around me are restored in beauty.” It is because of White Shell Woman that this is so, and because of her teachings that we can experience the exquisite harmony that comes from being alive on this beautiful earth.

For more information about this Navajo Goddess please use this link: https://www.google.com/search?client=tablet-android-verizon&ei=RBLHXK_TEsGgswXt-bqIAg&q=white+shell+woman+navajo&oq=white+shell+woman+navajo&gs_l=mobile-gws-wiz-serp.3…35158.38833..40946…0.0..0.164.924.0j7……0….1.41bDzJqRZ3U

To see images of this Navajo Goddess please use this link: https://www.google.com/search?q=white+shell+woman+navajo&client=tablet-android-verizon&prmd=sinv&source=lnms&tbm=isch&sa=X&ved=2ahUKEwj7r5nIyfXhAhVEEawKHWjBAigQ_AUoAnoECAwQAg&biw=683&bih=911

To learn more about the American Indian Navajo legends please use this link: https://www.google.com/search?q=navajo+legends&source=lmns&bih=911&biw=683&client=tablet-android-verizon&prmd=sinv&hl=en&ved=2ahUKEwjDvI34yfXhAhUC8awKHaT0Bn8Q_AUoAHoECAAQAw

Sigil Magic: How to Create Symbols That Manifest Your Desires.

 

I have subscribed to the Luna and Sol website. I have found they bring a slightly less than traditional look at different aspects of The Craft.

 

Sigils. I am enchanted by the simplicity and power of these little magical symbols.

Sigils help you to achieve goals, co-create your reality, self-actualize your potential and fulfill your deepest dreams and desires.

If you’re at a place in your spiritual journey where you’re thinking, “I’ve done a LOT of inner work … but now what?” it’s time to step out of your inner world into the outer world.

Think for a moment:

To read the rest of this article please click on this link: https://lonerwolf.com/sigil-magic/?utm_source=LonerWolf&utm_campaign=29347ebb73-EMAIL_CAMPAIGN_2019_23_APRIL&utm_medium=email&utm_term=0_4b168bb5ac-29347ebb73-97522469&goal=0_4b168bb5ac-29347ebb73-97522469&mc_cid=29347ebb73&mc_eid=95d44b631f

Week 17 – Goddess Knowledge – Tlazolteotl

Tlazolteotl is a Toltec earth mother, the goddess of carnal love and desire. Like Kali in India, she is portrayed as a horrible, devouring figure yet is also honored as a moving, creative principle. She is sometimes pictured as four sisters (the four ages of women) who are present at the crossroads of one’s life. Tlazolteotl is best known as the Eater of Impurities. Once in a lifetime, a person confessed her worst deeds and sins to Tlazolteotl, holding back nothing. In return the confessor received absolution: no impurity or defilement was to great to be forgiven. Tlazolteotl is that deep part of ourselves that we fear because it is so powerful and unfamiliar. Yet when we touch her through her fearsome countenance, we find absolute mercy.

She is proffered that anything that can overwhelm and destroy us also has the power to heal and grant forgiveness.

For more information about the Toltec goddess Tlazolteotl please use this link: goodesshttps://www.google.com/search?client=tablet-android-verizon&ei=sfi9XKKOPJDysQW25ZHQCw&q=tlazolteotl+toltec+goddess&oq=tlazolteotl+toltec+goddess&gs_l=mobile-gws-wiz-serp.3…2676.11855..13721…0.0..0.226.2300.0j14j1……0….1………0i71j0i20i263j0j0i22i30j33i160j33i299.onSiSFLZVcc

For more information about the Aztec goddess Tlazolteotl please use this link:  https://www.google.com/search?client=tablet-android-verizon&ei=kfm9XLGpDIO0sQX60Sc&q=Tlazolteotl&oq=Tlazolteotl&gs_l=mobile-gws-wiz-serp.3..35i39l3j0l3j0i20i263j0.18505.34698..36199…12.0..4.155.2343.0j18……0….1…….8..0i71j0i67j0i131j46j0i10.tXUxbCDZyVI

To see images of Tlazolteotl please use the link:  https://www.google.com/search?q=Tlazolteotl&client=tablet-android-verizon&prmd=isnv&source=lnms&tbm=isch&sa=X&ved=2ahUKEwiC47vcnOThAhVSM6wKHQg-Aa8Q_AUoAXoECAwQAQ&biw=683&bih=911

Moon Ritual Cakes

1 cup/128 grams shortening or 1/2 cup/113 grams shortening and 1/2 cup/113 grams of butter

1/3 cup/43 grams sugar

2/3 cup/86 grams ground blanched almonds

1 2/3/ 214 grams flour

1/4 teaspoon salt/1.25 ml salt

1 cup/128 grams confectioner’s sugar

1 teaspoon/5 ml cinnamon

Mix together shortening, sugar, and almonds. Soft together flour, salt, and then stir into almond mixture until a soft dough forms. Chill dough for at least one hour. Preheat oven to 325F/165C. Break off pieces of chilled dough and roll pencil thin. Cut rolled dough in 2 1/2/6.5 cm lengths and form each into a verdant shape with your fingers. Bake in an increased cookie sheet until set, but not brown, about 14-16 minutes. Mix together confectioners sugar and cinnamon. Cool cookies on pan, and while they are slightly warm dip each in cinnamon mixture. Makes approximately five dozen crescent Moons. For vegan guests, use a natural sugar substitute in place of refined sugar.

Copyright by Kirin Lee Llewellyn’s Witches’ Datebook 1999 Page 49