Religion in Ancient Egypt: The Gods and Goddesses

(For the rest of this week we will be doing posts about the Ancient Egyptian Pantheon. If there is a particular pantheon you would like to read more about please leave the name of it in the comment section below. We will do our best to bring you more information about the gods and goddesses in the pantheons you are interested in.)

There were an incredible number of Gods and Goddesses in Ancient Egypt, one for almost every situation and place. Many of the Gods began as local deities and were later organised and merged with others to form either a Triad or an Ennead (nine). There were several large schools of theological thought in Egypt, and each proclaimed its superiority over the others. A ruling dynasty would often promote their chief local god to the chief national god. For example, Amun (associated with Thebes) did not become a major deity until the shift of power to Thebes in the Middle Kingdom.

Many of Ancient Egypt’s Gods and Goddesses share characteristics and epithets at different times in history. For example, Sekhmet (the lion Goddess of Memphis), MutTefnut and Hathor are all given the title “the Eye of Ra” and given the task of protecting the sun god. There is often confusion about the different gods known as Horus. For example, Horus the elder was often thought to be the consort of Hathor, while Horus the younger was the son of Isis and Osiris. This is unsurprising given that the Egyptian civilisation survived for over three thousand years, and the religious system was constantly evolving.

To read the rest of this overview about the ancient Egyptian pantheon please click on this link: Ancient Egyptian Pantheon

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Scottish Witchcraft

These pages are based on a book “Scottish Witchcraft, The History & Magick of the Picts” by Raymond Buckland. Many things were reworded and omitted because of space on the web site. My personal comments are usually in brackets.The Highlands of what is now Scotland were earlier inhabited by people known as the Picts, or Pechts. In fact, this area was then known as “Pictland” and did not become “Scotland” until as late as the eleventh century. A second century Roman geographer, Ptolemy, drew the earliest map of the region. On it he showed four tribes: the Venicones, Tazali, Vacomagi and Caledoni. By the third century these four had become two tribes, the Caledoni and the Maeatae, and by the end of the third century merged as one nation, the Picts.These people have long been a mystery, partly because they spoke a language that is now lost. When the Scots became a dominant force in the welding together of medieval Scotland, it was not in their interests to keep alive any Pictish traditions.

The Scots, incidentally, were immigrants from Ireland who, having come first as raiders, by the fifth century had settled in the under-populated areas of the west. By the seventh century they were virtually masters of the lowlands.

The right of succession to the throne was matrilinear-in other words, reckoned through the mother. This practice was in existence for well over three hundred years, that we know of, and probably much longer.

Most of what was learned about the Picts was through their art. They used powerful animal symbols and geometric forms. Jewelry, metalwork, stone carvings: all show the same highly skilled craftsmanship.
To read the rest of this article please click on this link: Scottish Witchcraft

 

History of the Ogham Language

HISTORY OF THE OGHAM LANGUAGE
ogham alphabetogham stoneThe ancient Ogham script (pronounced ‘oh-am’) is most often found on Ogham stones that date back to the third century. Most examples of the writing is found on Ogham stones of which there are over 350 found mostly in southern Ireland as well as in Scotland, the Isle of Man, Cornwall and Wales.

The transition to the use of the Roman alphabet took place about the sixth century. Most examples of Ogham writing confer the name of person that they represent, thus the stones are often memorial symbols.

To read the rest of this article please click on the following link: History Ogham Langage

FESTIVALS AND CELEBRATIONS

“The notations of the Celtic year belong to the Christian period, old style. If there are any traces of Pagan times they are only such as are to be gathered from a few names and ceremonies. The four seasons are known as earrach, spring, samhradh, summer, fogharadh, harvest, and geamhradh, winter….There can be no doubt the origins of the names belong to a period anterior to Christianity.” ~John Gregorson Campbell~Indeed earrach is derived from ear, meaning the head or front, also the east. Samhradh is from samh, the sun. Fogharadh is from fogh, meaning hospitality and abundance. Geamhradh is connected to geamhtach, meaning stiff, thick, binding, and thus sees tied-in with the idea of snow and ice.

With the Scottish Quarter Days differing from the English Quarter Days, F. Marian McNeill concludes that “Scotland follows the ancient customs of the Celtic peoples, and England that of non-Celtic peoples of Europe.” The Scottish Quarter Days are as follows: FEBRUARY 2 – CANDLEMAS MAY 15 – WHITSUN or OLD BHEALLTAINN AUGUST 1 – LAMMAS NOVEMBER 11 – MARTINMAS, or OLD HALLOWMAS

The ancient Celtic year started on the eve of November 1. Then in 527 C.E., this was changed and New Year’s Day was declared to be March 25. Almost a thousand years later this was changed again to January 1. In Scotland it wasn’t until 1600 that New Year’s Day was first celebrated on January 1. The PectiWita, in common with many Witches, still celebrate the start of the year at Samhuinn, though their Samhuinn is November 11 rather than November 1.

The calendar, festivals, customs, and celebrations can become very complicated, especially when you start studying the changes that have taken place over the centuries. But the PectiWita celebrated only on those festivals/dates which were important to them. These were: SAMHUINN – NOVEMBER 11 YULE – DECEMBER 22 (Feill Fionnain) BEALLTAINN – MAY 15 MIDSUMMER – JULY 5 (Feill-Sheathain) 

I would like to point out here that there are rituals described for each of these festivals and celebrations, but do to the length and amount of space it would take, I have omitted them. I am sure the “Old Ones” would understand if you read about it and improvised. Make your own rituals. Be creative and keep them in mind.To read this rest of this article please click on this link: Scottish Festivals 

One Simple Protection for Your Home and Property

This is to be done after you have blessed your home so you know all negative energy and/or beings are out of it.

The easiest way to make sure your home is protected from anything negative or evil is to put a mixture of salt, bay leaves or basil, and garlic in the four cardinal points (North, East, South, and West) of your home. If you want to use a compass to make sure you have the exact location of the direction that’s fine but as long as you know it is the basic area of the direction that is fine too. Personally, I used a compass the first time and then put a little dot with a Sharpie on the baseboard just above the floor so I do not need the compass again until the dots wear away.

Than using regular table salt walk clockwise around your home starting with the door that people use to enter or exit the house more often. Call upon Hekate to keep the people in the home safe from all harm and to walk with you as you sprinkle a thin layer in a circle completely surrounding your home overlap the place you start at to make sure the circle is complete. Make sure you put a little extra salt by every entrance into your home including window sills. Is there is any type of fence or other obstruction be sure to overlap the salt when moving around it so there is no break in the warding.

Last come to protecting the land that surrounds your home to do this I again use table salt and walk clockwise around the edge of my property line asking Hekate to keep your family safe when they are in the yard for whatever reason. Make sure the salt overlaps where you began at. I usually start in the Northeast corner of our yard. If you have a fence in the way of walking from front to back – sprinkle the salt on top of the fence than walk around to your backyard and start by sprinkling a little more salt on top of the fence so there is no break in the ward, do this everytime you need to stop and start the outside lines.

Remember when you are done with the protection wards to thank Hekate for her help.

New Moon Creation Page

The New Moon is a powerful time when the Guardian energies of the Sun and Moon come together to support new beginnings. It’s the perfect time to write down intentions that match the true desires of your heart.

Write them in the way that feels best for you.

I like to phrase each intention in terms of bringing my creations to life with Love.

To read the rest of this information and be able to download your page please click on this link: New Moon Creation Page

Ogham

Definition

by 
published on 11 May 2012

The Book of Ballymote (by Dbachmann)

One of the stranger ancient scripts one might come across, Ogham is also known as the ‘Celtic Tree Alphabet’. Estimated to have been used from the fourth to the tenth century CE, it is believed to have been possibly named after the Irish god Ogma but this is debated widely. Ogham actually refers to the characters themselves, the script as a whole is more appropriately named Beith-luis-nin after the order of alphabet letters BLFSN.

DESCRIPTION

The script originally contained twenty letters grouped into four groups of five. Five more letters were later added creating a fifth group. Each of these groups was named after its first letter. There are some four to five hundred surviving ogham inscriptions throughout Britain and Ireland with the largest number appearing in Pembrokeshire. The rest of the inscriptions were located around south-eastern Ireland, Scotland, Orkney, the Isle of Man and around the border of Devon and Cornwall. Ogham was used to write in Archaic Irish, Old Welsh and Latin mostly on wood and stone and is based on a high medieval Briatharogam tradition of ascribing the name of trees to individual characters. The inscriptions containing Ogham are almost exclusively made up of personal names and marks of land ownership.

ORIGIN THEORIES…

To read this rest of this article please click on this link: Ogham

An Introduction to Ogham

The Ogham Stone - An Introduction to Ogham

The marks on the edges of this pillar stone (left) are characters from an alphabet that was used in fifth-century Ireland.
Known as ogham, the 25-letter alphabet was supposedly inspired by Ogma, god of eloquence.

  • Ogham was carved and read from BOTTOM to TOP.
    (Also carved, occasionally, right to left).
  • Also written as ogam or ogum, it is pronounced “AHG-m” or “OH-ehm.”
  • Ogham served as an alphabet for one of the ancient Celtic languages. Its origin is uncertain: it may have been adapted from a sign language.
    Current understanding is that the names of the main twenty letters are also the names of 20 trees sacred to the druids.
    Some authors have suggested the existance of a 13 month calendar which shared some of these names.
  • A 15th century treatise on Ogham, The Book of Ballymote, confirms that ogham was a secret, ritualistic language.
    However, there is no direct evidence that the Ogham alphabet was used [in antiquity] for divination or any other magical purposes. ( see notes )

To read this rest of this article please clink on this link: Introduction to Ogham

Aura and Chakras explained

I feel this video explains the job of the chakras and out auras. There are many other videos listed on the right side of this video. I have not watched all of them so cannot give an opinion on them. Watch them if you want to and your own opinion on whether they are helpful or not.

It would be great to leave the name of the video or videos you watch and your opinion of them in the comment section below. This is a great opportunity for us as a community to earn from each other.

To watch the video referred to in the first paragraph please click on this link: Aura and Chakras

Here is a link to another good video on this subject which also has a list of more videos on the right side. I did watch this video and found it informative. Again please leave your opinions on this videos in the comment section below. Remember to put the name of the video in your comment. Thank you.

To watch this video please click on this link: Understanding the Chakra