Although Minerva, the Roman goddess of war and wisdom, is usually portrayed as equivalent to the Greek goddess Athens, she is revered as a goddess of wisdom, for the light of dawn typifies knowledge. She guides heroes in war and is patroness of all art, crafts, guilds, and medicine. Called by Ovid “the goddess of a thousand words” she was the inventor of musical instruments, numbers, and many crafts including weaving. The serpent and the owl were sacred to her. The serpent is an emblem of life energy and the creative impulse. The owl is a symbol of death and wisdom, and thus Minerva, a goddess of the dawn and wisdom, is also the goddess of death and transformation. Minerva is am incantation of wisdom in human form, an affirmation that we can use our knowledge and wisdom in pursuit of any goal we choose.
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Athena is presented by the Greeks as the virgin goddess of war and wisdom. A symbol of courage and friendship, she often counsels warriors to gentleness. She is especially honored as a goddess of agriculture; the creator of the olive tree, the flute, the ship, blacksmithing, and shoemaking; and the goddess who introduced the joke for the oxen and the bridal for the horse. She is patron of all useful and elegant arts. In Greek mythology, Athena is said to have breathed soul into the men created by Prometheus and to have helped Prometheus steal fire from the heavens to give to men. Athena is a wonderful affirmation that there are no limits to what a woman can do with her intellect and creative ability.
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She may go by many names including Mother Earth but by any name she is beautiful.