The Runes & The Ogham Script Connection

In will not be posting as much on runes as I planned to this week because of the upcoming Sabbats. I will do only 1 or 2 rune posts until after Friday. I deeply thank Lady Abyss for posting all of this wonderful information! As I said before my knowledge is very limited working with them. So I am learning along with you.

Witches Of The Craft®

The Runes & The Ogham Script Connection

Several of the runestones still remaining have running around their edge a different alphabet from the
runic, but one which still uses short, straight lines. This is the Ogham script (also seen as Ogam, but
pronounced O’am).

Ogham is connected to the Celtic god Ogma, Ogmios or Ogmiua, who had connections with the sun.
Whilst Odin seems to relate to Mercury, Ogma is linked with Hercules as champion of the gods.

Just as Odin is said to be the father of the runes, so Ogma is credited with having invented the Ogham
script. This method of writing seems to have begun in Ireland, spreading to Wales, Scotland and parts
of southern England.

Like Odin, Ogma was a poet and considered wise and powerful. Ogham was a secret method of
communication, again only known by the learned. The connection with poetry has led Ogham…

View original post 466 more words

THE ORIGINS OF THE RUNES

Witches Of The Craft®

THE ORIGINS OF THE RUNES

While runologists argue over many of the details of the historical origins of runic writing, there is widespread agreement on a general outline. The runes are presumed to have been derived from one of the many Old Italic alphabets in use among the Mediterranean peoples of the first century CE, who lived to the south of the Germanic tribes.[7][8] Earlier Germanic sacred symbols, such as those preserved in northern European rock carvings, were also likely influential in the development of the script.[9][10]

The earliest possibly runic inscription that we know of is found on the Meldorf brooch, which was manufactured in the north of modern-day Germany around 50 CE. The inscription is highly ambiguous, however, and scholars are divided over whether its letters are runic or Roman. The earliest unambiguous runic inscriptions are found on the Vimose comb from Vimose, Denmark…

View original post 964 more words

Your Ogham Reading for the Week of November 19th

Your Weekly Ogham Reading for the Week of November 19th

 

Duir-Oak

The name of the oak tree was part of the early Celtic word for Druid. Oak trees have always had a greater tendency to be struck by lightning, thus they have always had a more sacred standing among many cultures. It is a tree of great strength, durable hardwood, and its roots grow as deep as the branches grow high. To the Druids it was the King of The Woods. Thus these features of the letter Duir allow us to focus this reading on strength, resilience, power, and nobility. Like the mighty oak tree you will prevail.

Fortune – This Ogham denotes new paths, new doorways, and success once you decide to follow these new ideas!

 

 

Muin-Vine

The spiraling vine is a symbol of connectivity. Over time the vine grows around everything, through the physical and spiritual, and through the conscious and subconscious. However it takes time and patience for the vine to slowly connect everything. When we draw this letter we think of unity, being one with our surroundings, and connecting to all living things. This can especially have a special meaning in our modern world of online connections. The world slowly resembles one giant vine!

Fortune – This Ogham is telling you to take a strong look at your personal connections in life. Friends, lovers, and coworkers will have an important say in your matter!

 

 

Ngetal-Broom

Brooms tolerate poor soil and growing conditions, they are known for wasteland reclamation, a way of cleaning up hazardous sites. It is no surprise that this plant is also where the term broom arose as a cleaning tool. Over the centuries the Ngetal, or broom, as been associated with healing, cleaning, and restoring what once was. Drawing this letter shows some aspect in life has been cleaned and healed or is in great need of it.

Fortune – It is time to cleanup in life! This Ogham is a sign that you need to find the mess that has been made in your life or someone close to you and sweep it up!

 

Courtesy of Witches of the Craft

Ogham – Ancient History

Definition

by 
published on 11 May 2012

The Book of Ballymote (by Dbachmann)

One of the stranger ancient scripts one might come across, Ogham is also known as the ‘Celtic Tree Alphabet’. Estimated to have been used from the fourth to the tenth century CE, it is believed to have been possibly named after the Irish god Ogma but this is debated widely. Ogham actually refers to the characters themselves, the script as a whole is more appropriately named Beith-luis-nin after the order of alphabet letters BLFSN.

DESCRIPTION

The script originally contained twenty letters grouped into four groups of five. Five more letters were later added creating a fifth group. Each of these groups was named after its first letter. There are some four to five hundred surviving ogham inscriptions throughout Britain and Ireland with the largest number appearing in Pembrokeshire. The rest of the inscriptions were located around south-eastern Ireland, Scotland, Orkney, the Isle of Man and around the border of Devon and Cornwall. Ogham was used to write in Archaic Irish, Old Welsh and Latin mostly on wood and stone and is based on a high medieval Briatharogam tradition of ascribing the name of trees to individual characters. The inscriptions containing Ogham are almost exclusively made up of personal names and marks of land ownership.

To read the rest of this article please click on this link: Ogham

History of the Ogham Language

HISTORY OF THE OGHAM LANGUAGE
ogham alphabetogham stoneThe ancient Ogham script (pronounced ‘oh-am’) is most often found on Ogham stones that date back to the third century. Most examples of the writing is found on Ogham stones of which there are over 350 found mostly in southern Ireland as well as in Scotland, the Isle of Man, Cornwall and Wales.

The transition to the use of the Roman alphabet took place about the sixth century. Most examples of Ogham writing confer the name of person that they represent, thus the stones are often memorial symbols.

To read the rest of this article please click on the following link: History Ogham Langage

Ogham – Old Irish

The Ogham script recorded the earliest Old Irish texts dating between the 3rd and the 6th century CE. Ogham inscriptions are found exclusively in Ireland, Scotland, and Wales. Mostly they are genealogical inscriptions in the form of “X son of Y” on corners of large stone slabs. After the 6th century CE, Old Irish was written with the Roman alphabet, and Ogham disappeared from general but the knowledge must have been preserved in some form because our knowledge of Ogham comes from the chapter Auraicept na n-Éces in the 15th-century work The Book of Ballymote (Leabhar Bhaile an Mhóta), which also contains geneologies, mythologies, and histories of Ireland.

Various opinions exist on the exact origin of ogham. Some claim that it stemmed from a cryptic way of writing runes, some say that it was inspired from the Roman alphabet, and yet others hold that it was independently invented.

The Ogham letters are divided into four groups, each containing five letters. This yields a total of 20 Ogham letters.

When inscribed on stones, Ogham is written vertically from bottom to top. The following chart lists all Ogham letters in their vertical forms, along with their Old Irish names and meanings.

To read the rest of this article please click on this link: Ogham – Old Irish

A Short Introduction to Celtic/Druid Ogham or Ogma Alphabet and How to Use it For Divination

The Celtic’s used a writing system called Ogham or sometimes spelled Ogma which dates hundreds of years BCE (Before the Current Era). Most of the time the credit for the alphabets origins are given to the Druid Priests. As only they could read the meanings of the “Ogham Staves” when they were thrown. The Ogham alphabet consists of 25 different symbols which in turn are associated with specific trees or shrubs.

The alphabet can either be written vertically or horizontally but the actual marking for the symbol or letter always appears on the same side and location on the straight line that all the symbols/letter stem off of.

The Ogham Staves are used as a form of divination. You can use them the same as you would Runes or Tarot cards. To make Ogham Staves they should be craved into a piece of the tree or shrub they are associated with, all 25 pieces of wood should be the exact same length and when possible diameter.

How to use the staves is simple you hold them together in both hands, and roll them on your palms while you ask your question of them (be sure to keep your question clear and concise). When you feel it is time and with the question firmly fixed in your mind you let the staves drop from about 4 to 6 inches off the ground. Those closest to you are the future, the middle ones are for the present, and those furthest away are read for the past which led up to the present which will lead into the future.

Here is a picture of the alphabet writing, name of symbol/letter, and which tree or shrub is associated to it:

Other examples of the alphabet:

Here is are the symbols/letters on the tree or shrub they are associated with:

This is the first in a series of posts on the use and meanings of the Ogham alphabet and staves. I will also be posting an Ogham Symbol for the day starting Monday, August 13th both on here and on WOTC.

If you have questions about this topic please write to LAdy Beltane at covenlifescoven@gmail.com Please put Ogham Question in the “Subject line”

 

Ogham

Definition

by 
published on 11 May 2012

The Book of Ballymote (by Dbachmann)

One of the stranger ancient scripts one might come across, Ogham is also known as the ‘Celtic Tree Alphabet’. Estimated to have been used from the fourth to the tenth century CE, it is believed to have been possibly named after the Irish god Ogma but this is debated widely. Ogham actually refers to the characters themselves, the script as a whole is more appropriately named Beith-luis-nin after the order of alphabet letters BLFSN.

DESCRIPTION

The script originally contained twenty letters grouped into four groups of five. Five more letters were later added creating a fifth group. Each of these groups was named after its first letter. There are some four to five hundred surviving ogham inscriptions throughout Britain and Ireland with the largest number appearing in Pembrokeshire. The rest of the inscriptions were located around south-eastern Ireland, Scotland, Orkney, the Isle of Man and around the border of Devon and Cornwall. Ogham was used to write in Archaic Irish, Old Welsh and Latin mostly on wood and stone and is based on a high medieval Briatharogam tradition of ascribing the name of trees to individual characters. The inscriptions containing Ogham are almost exclusively made up of personal names and marks of land ownership.

ORIGIN THEORIES…

To read this rest of this article please click on this link: Ogham

An Introduction to Ogham

The Ogham Stone - An Introduction to Ogham

The marks on the edges of this pillar stone (left) are characters from an alphabet that was used in fifth-century Ireland.
Known as ogham, the 25-letter alphabet was supposedly inspired by Ogma, god of eloquence.

  • Ogham was carved and read from BOTTOM to TOP.
    (Also carved, occasionally, right to left).
  • Also written as ogam or ogum, it is pronounced “AHG-m” or “OH-ehm.”
  • Ogham served as an alphabet for one of the ancient Celtic languages. Its origin is uncertain: it may have been adapted from a sign language.
    Current understanding is that the names of the main twenty letters are also the names of 20 trees sacred to the druids.
    Some authors have suggested the existance of a 13 month calendar which shared some of these names.
  • A 15th century treatise on Ogham, The Book of Ballymote, confirms that ogham was a secret, ritualistic language.
    However, there is no direct evidence that the Ogham alphabet was used [in antiquity] for divination or any other magical purposes. ( see notes )

To read this rest of this article please clink on this link: Introduction to Ogham