Ogham – Ancient History

Definition

by 
published on 11 May 2012

The Book of Ballymote (by Dbachmann)

One of the stranger ancient scripts one might come across, Ogham is also known as the ‘Celtic Tree Alphabet’. Estimated to have been used from the fourth to the tenth century CE, it is believed to have been possibly named after the Irish god Ogma but this is debated widely. Ogham actually refers to the characters themselves, the script as a whole is more appropriately named Beith-luis-nin after the order of alphabet letters BLFSN.

DESCRIPTION

The script originally contained twenty letters grouped into four groups of five. Five more letters were later added creating a fifth group. Each of these groups was named after its first letter. There are some four to five hundred surviving ogham inscriptions throughout Britain and Ireland with the largest number appearing in Pembrokeshire. The rest of the inscriptions were located around south-eastern Ireland, Scotland, Orkney, the Isle of Man and around the border of Devon and Cornwall. Ogham was used to write in Archaic Irish, Old Welsh and Latin mostly on wood and stone and is based on a high medieval Briatharogam tradition of ascribing the name of trees to individual characters. The inscriptions containing Ogham are almost exclusively made up of personal names and marks of land ownership.

To read the rest of this article please click on this link: Ogham

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History of the Ogham Language

HISTORY OF THE OGHAM LANGUAGE
ogham alphabetogham stoneThe ancient Ogham script (pronounced ‘oh-am’) is most often found on Ogham stones that date back to the third century. Most examples of the writing is found on Ogham stones of which there are over 350 found mostly in southern Ireland as well as in Scotland, the Isle of Man, Cornwall and Wales.

The transition to the use of the Roman alphabet took place about the sixth century. Most examples of Ogham writing confer the name of person that they represent, thus the stones are often memorial symbols.

To read the rest of this article please click on the following link: History Ogham Langage

Most Saturdays Offer 2 Different Places for Open Chats at Different Times so No Over Lapping and Have to Choose Which Chatroom to Go Too

Lady Abyss and Lady Beltane have both noticed in their respective chatrooms that quite a few people come into either chatroom and do not participate in the chat. If the topic being discussed does not interest you no problem, send a message in the chatroom feed suggesting a topic you want to know more about or have knowledge to share about it, or if you have a question you would like someone to try and answer again post it on the chatroom message board. We want to hear from everyone who comes into the chatrooms. If you do not want to participate why bother coming at all to “visit” with other witches/pagans? Both chat rooms are open to anyone joining in as long as they follow Witches of The Craft and Coven Life’s guidelines.

The open chat in WOTC’s chatroom is every Saturday starting at 10:00 AM CT to 1:00 PM CT. Here is the link to get into Lady A’s chatroom: WOTC Chatroom Since you enter the chatroom through the WOTC store Magickal Necessities come to the chatroom a little early and “window shop” in Magickal Necessities. There is a pretty large selection just start clicking on the items listed in the Menu.

The open chat in Coven Life’s chatroom CL’s Chatroom take place on the second Saturday of every month from 3:00 to 6:00 PM CT and on the fourth Saturday of every month from 6:00 to 9:00 PM CT. Also, Lady Beltane will meet you in CL’s chatroom one on one if you feel the need to talk to a High Priestess/pagan minister about lessons if you are a student or something you are going through that you could use an ear to listen and arms for a virtual hug

Lady Abyss and Lady Beltane both look forward to seeing you soon at one open chat. You are welcome to come to as many open chats as you would like to as you want to come to. The best thing for the CL open chat is it is unlike an Esbat, Sabbat, or special gathering is you can come and go from the chats as often as you want to. But please remember if you come to one of the chats you really should participate not just sit in the background like a stalker or something. Also, bookmark the chat rooms so when you want to chat all you have to do is click on the bookmark for both chat rooms and jump right into the room with a BIG HELLO or however you want to greet the others in the chatroom.

If no one is in the chatroom when you first pop in go check out the WOTC’s store MAgically Necessities. If you are trying to figure out what you may need for a spell or ritual please ask one of us and we will find it in Magickal Necessities and then send you the link to look at it yourself and then purchase it if is what you were looking. If you do not find what you want in the store just click on “Contact” in the menu or ask Lady Abyss about it in the chatroom. Yes, I know I put either item direct links into a post or the link for the store itself but I figure someone read this or another post with links it might not be aware of the fantastic Witch/Pagan supply store so close at hand and it does help WOTC cover the monthly running expenses. Support your, local merchant, just like you would in the town. you live in.

Here’s is the link for Magickal necessities Homepage: Magickal Necessities Store

Ogham – Old Irish

The Ogham script recorded the earliest Old Irish texts dating between the 3rd and the 6th century CE. Ogham inscriptions are found exclusively in Ireland, Scotland, and Wales. Mostly they are genealogical inscriptions in the form of “X son of Y” on corners of large stone slabs. After the 6th century CE, Old Irish was written with the Roman alphabet, and Ogham disappeared from general but the knowledge must have been preserved in some form because our knowledge of Ogham comes from the chapter Auraicept na n-Éces in the 15th-century work The Book of Ballymote (Leabhar Bhaile an Mhóta), which also contains geneologies, mythologies, and histories of Ireland.

Various opinions exist on the exact origin of ogham. Some claim that it stemmed from a cryptic way of writing runes, some say that it was inspired from the Roman alphabet, and yet others hold that it was independently invented.

The Ogham letters are divided into four groups, each containing five letters. This yields a total of 20 Ogham letters.

When inscribed on stones, Ogham is written vertically from bottom to top. The following chart lists all Ogham letters in their vertical forms, along with their Old Irish names and meanings.

To read the rest of this article please click on this link: Ogham – Old Irish

A Short Introduction to Celtic/Druid Ogham or Ogma Alphabet and How to Use it For Divination

The Celtic’s used a writing system called Ogham or sometimes spelled Ogma which dates hundreds of years BCE (Before the Current Era). Most of the time the credit for the alphabets origins are given to the Druid Priests. As only they could read the meanings of the “Ogham Staves” when they were thrown. The Ogham alphabet consists of 25 different symbols which in turn are associated with specific trees or shrubs.

The alphabet can either be written vertically or horizontally but the actual marking for the symbol or letter always appears on the same side and location on the straight line that all the symbols/letter stem off of.

The Ogham Staves are used as a form of divination. You can use them the same as you would Runes or Tarot cards. To make Ogham Staves they should be craved into a piece of the tree or shrub they are associated with, all 25 pieces of wood should be the exact same length and when possible diameter.

How to use the staves is simple you hold them together in both hands, and roll them on your palms while you ask your question of them (be sure to keep your question clear and concise). When you feel it is time and with the question firmly fixed in your mind you let the staves drop from about 4 to 6 inches off the ground. Those closest to you are the future, the middle ones are for the present, and those furthest away are read for the past which led up to the present which will lead into the future.

Here is a picture of the alphabet writing, name of symbol/letter, and which tree or shrub is associated to it:

Other examples of the alphabet:

Here is are the symbols/letters on the tree or shrub they are associated with:

This is the first in a series of posts on the use and meanings of the Ogham alphabet and staves. I will also be posting an Ogham Symbol for the day starting Monday, August 13th both on here and on WOTC.

If you have questions about this topic please write to LAdy Beltane at covenlifescoven@gmail.com Please put Ogham Question in the “Subject line”

 

Everyone Needs Some Me Time to Relax and Center

We all have days we wish we could just hibernate and hide from everyone. This is when you need to have a special care package ready to go to relax you physically and mentally and recenter yourself spiritually.

I have a small kit made up in advance for when I take this me time. Mine includes a long incense sticks or cones of either sandalwood or jasmine (lavender is also very good for relaxing with), my favorite Celtic music bookmarked on my computer to find it easier, a big handful of my favorite Epsom salts in a Ziploc type bag or other holder, a smudge stick, a bar of scents soap, a black taper and a white taper candle, my favorite lotion, and a robe (type depends on the temperature in my home). I also shut off my cell/mobile phone and anything else that someone could call me on like Skype.

Allow a minimum of 2 hours for yourself to get the benefits you deserve.

I do a smudging in my den and bathroom and also myself. Then get into my usually hot bath with the salts. I soak for a while until I feel my muscles completely relax m(draining cooled water and adding more hot if I feel the need to) than I use one of my scented soaps to wash with (my hair is tied up because I wash it in the sink before getting into my bath or just leave dry, no one says you have to wash your hair just because you take a bath). After getting out of the bath and drying off I rub lotion on every part of my body I can comfortably reach just to feel the wonder of what the deities choose to make us into thousands of years ago.

Then if I feel like it put on my robe and go into my den or bedroom. Depending on my mood whether I stay in the robe or lay down skyclad.

Once in my den or bedroom,  I have a small table next to the daybed in my den so the black candle is set on the southwest corner and the white in the northeast. I light the black candle first asking Hades and Persephone to take away all the negative energy, anger, resentment, envy, etc I may still be harboring inside myself.  Next, I  light the white candle asking Ra and Mother Earth to fill me with love, positive energy and to be grounded. I then light the incense I choose while enjoying the scent of the incense and listening to the music  I do a relaxation technique (which I will describe below) and then I let my mind to float free not focusing on any one thought especially if it is a negative one. I usually wind up falling asleep and many times have had messages and/or vision brought to me by my ancestors, guides, some deities. These dreams I write down what I can remember of them when I awaken. The dreaming does not happen every time.

The two most important things to take away from this experience is one does not feel guilty for taking the time to pamper and nurture yourself because we all need to. The other thing is to take a is relaxed, centered mind, body, and spirit from reconnecting them all.

RELATION TECHNIQUE: Starting with your toes and working up the body tighten each muscle as you take as deep a breath as you can then allow the muscle to completely relax as you slowly exhale all the air you took in. This should take you at least 15 to 20 minutes to get all your muscles relaxed and your mind to slow down.

A great place you can get your incense, soap, candles and smudge sticks is Magickal Necessities. Below are the links for the items available:

Incense Cones

Soaps

Smudge Sticks

Chime (smaller) Candles

Ogham

Definition

by 
published on 11 May 2012

The Book of Ballymote (by Dbachmann)

One of the stranger ancient scripts one might come across, Ogham is also known as the ‘Celtic Tree Alphabet’. Estimated to have been used from the fourth to the tenth century CE, it is believed to have been possibly named after the Irish god Ogma but this is debated widely. Ogham actually refers to the characters themselves, the script as a whole is more appropriately named Beith-luis-nin after the order of alphabet letters BLFSN.

DESCRIPTION

The script originally contained twenty letters grouped into four groups of five. Five more letters were later added creating a fifth group. Each of these groups was named after its first letter. There are some four to five hundred surviving ogham inscriptions throughout Britain and Ireland with the largest number appearing in Pembrokeshire. The rest of the inscriptions were located around south-eastern Ireland, Scotland, Orkney, the Isle of Man and around the border of Devon and Cornwall. Ogham was used to write in Archaic Irish, Old Welsh and Latin mostly on wood and stone and is based on a high medieval Briatharogam tradition of ascribing the name of trees to individual characters. The inscriptions containing Ogham are almost exclusively made up of personal names and marks of land ownership.

ORIGIN THEORIES…

To read this rest of this article please click on this link: Ogham

An Introduction to Ogham

The Ogham Stone - An Introduction to Ogham

The marks on the edges of this pillar stone (left) are characters from an alphabet that was used in fifth-century Ireland.
Known as ogham, the 25-letter alphabet was supposedly inspired by Ogma, god of eloquence.

  • Ogham was carved and read from BOTTOM to TOP.
    (Also carved, occasionally, right to left).
  • Also written as ogam or ogum, it is pronounced “AHG-m” or “OH-ehm.”
  • Ogham served as an alphabet for one of the ancient Celtic languages. Its origin is uncertain: it may have been adapted from a sign language.
    Current understanding is that the names of the main twenty letters are also the names of 20 trees sacred to the druids.
    Some authors have suggested the existance of a 13 month calendar which shared some of these names.
  • A 15th century treatise on Ogham, The Book of Ballymote, confirms that ogham was a secret, ritualistic language.
    However, there is no direct evidence that the Ogham alphabet was used [in antiquity] for divination or any other magical purposes. ( see notes )

To read this rest of this article please clink on this link: Introduction to Ogham

Making Tools and your spiritual Journey

Mirror Mirror on the Wall

Written for: Coven Life

On: May 5th 2018

By: Hypatia of Alexandrea

Lesson 4

 

Continuing on with tools of the trade, or the Craft should I say.

In the previous lessons in Making Tools and your spiritual Journey we covered the reverence of space and respect needed to make these sacred objects, ones that will assist you on your Magickal Journey. Please review if need be on Coven Life web site.

Allow yourself time and space to be creative by adding to your Witches armamentarium.

All good things take time, time to make, time to collect, and the right time to make such as certain moon phases or even planet and other star alignments. I have known people to take years to make a tool. This does not need to be the case with you, however the more energy you weave through it the more of a Magickal significance it will have to you and the reason you choose to use it for, Just like the incredible Magick that is weaved into tapestry, carpets, quilts, clothing for war that was made by the women throughout the ages to protects their loved ones from harm.

In this Lesson we will continue with scrying.

This is a technique where with practice one becomes better. Others are born with the sight and scrying allows one to hone in on that sight, others need to practice and become better equipped with this skill as time goes on. Either Way, it is an invaluable tool to possess.

Through scrying we can tap into the sacred knowledge of all mankind. Scrying is best done when the sun has completely descended and the moon is at her peak.

Learn to work with the Earth and her phases, both the masculine and feminine energy that is needed to weave such Magick. Use the energy that descends from the Cosmos and bring it into your working space. Use the energy that ascends from the Great Earth Mother and use it ground yourself.  This can be done as a daily ritual too.

As a Witch you have been gifted with the ability to harness from this universal energy. However do keep in mind that this is ONLY to be used for the greater good, this does not include personal gains. Please refer to previous lesson on how to harness this energy and the importance of purity of thought and deed when using it. Use your gift wisely!

Mirror Magic

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A shiny piece of obsidian palm stone used for scrying is perfect!

Just like a crystal ball and water, anything that lends a reflective surface can be used for scrying.

Making your own mirror can also be a great deal of fun. This is best prepared during the waning of the full moon, so ensure the materials are gathered before that time.

Ideally leave it for one whole moon cycle before scrying.

 

You will need:

  • Photo frame with backing, choose any size you desire, smaller ones are great to carry around with you, larger ones can be displayed in the home. This will get the visitors talking! Start small and if you feel it works for you than go ahead and make a larger one.
  • Non aerosol, black high gloss paint
  • Dried herbs that will enhance your psychic ability such as dragons’ blood, hyssop, orris root, mugwort, or whatever herb you choose during your research. There are a number of psychic herbs, I personally use mugwort and jasmine flower (all dried and crushed well in a mortar and pestle).
  • Disposable mixing container
  • Paint brush

Method:

Mix the paint and herbs together. Ensure there is not too much of the herb mix that will interfere with the final glossy finish, just enough to create the texture yet still somewhat smoothed out.

While mixing, visualize the light of the moon and say:

By the Moon’s darkest light

Perception of the night

Become part of my skills

And thus banish all ills.

 

  • Paint inside of the glass using long brush strokes.
  • Cover the surface completely leaving no gaps.
  • When completely dry, place the backing back on the frame.
  • Leave your mirror outside in the moonlight for as long as you can, then keep it covered by a dark cloth. I even like to put a piece black silk over mine.

Note: Such mirrors can also be used to deflect negativity back to where it belongs.  If it ever needs to be used for this purpose, it needs to be reconsecrated if it is to be used for scrying again. It might be best to keep a separate mirror for such purpose.

Please look up consecrating your sacred objects on Coven Life search if not sure.

 

In the up and coming lessons I will be talking about using your mirror for protection of personal space and finding lost objects.